Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of the environment through criminal law and replacing Directive 2008/99/EC
On 15 December 2021, the European Commission presented a proposal for a Directive on the protection of the environment through criminal law replacing Directive 2008/99/EC.
In addition, together with the proposal for a directive the European Commission adopted a Communication on stepping up the fight against environmental crime in order to explain the policy objectives of the proposal.
The overall aim of the proposal is to achieve a better protection of the environment through criminal law. Particularly, the proposal seeks to:
- remove the annexes currently attached to the Directive, and instead update the existing criminal offences covered by the Directive and add new offences, such as - illegal timber trade, illegal ship recycling and illegal abstraction of water;
- clarify undefined legal terms used to describe environmental crime such as ‘substantial damage’;
- ensure effective, dissuasive and proportionate sanction types and levels for environmental crime for both natural and legal persons;
- improve the cross-border cooperation on environmental crime;
- improve the effectiveness of national enforcement chain through training, investigative tools, mechanisms for cooperation between national authorities and better data collection and statistics;
- recognise and stregthen the role of citizens and civil society.
type: Proposal for a Directive
Reference number: COM(2021) 851 final
Issue date: 15-12-21
Uploads: COM(2021) 851 final